What are E-liquids?
When electronic cigarettes first came into the market, most of the e-liquids were being produced in China. A lot of people vaping didn’t know what they was in it or if the nicotine levels or contents printed on the vapor liquids packaging were 100% accurate.
The U.S market saw the need for clearly packaged vapor e-liquids and precise measurements of nicotine and other diluents. This created the e-liquid boom in the United States where we started seeing many nationally produced e-liquids being manufactured with the goal of creating safe e-liquids with the highest quality.
The three basic components that make up an e-liquid are:
Nicotine: Nicotine is naturally formed in tobacco leaves and other plants such as vegetables, which contain miniscule amounts of nicotine, which is mechanically and chemically extracted from the tobacco leaf. This distillation process results in 100% pure nicotine without all the other contaminants found in cigarettes. Nicotine ultimately is a stimulant of the central nervous system when it is consumed and is the addictive substance found in cigarettes and vapor e-liquids.
Flavoring: To produce an e-liquid that resembles the taste of a normal cigarette, flavors are mixed with nicotine solution. With the development of the e-liquid industry there are hundreds of flavors that are created ranging from simple fruit vapor flavors to complex and stacked flavors such as dessert vapor flavors.
Diluents: The third ingredient found in electronic cigarette e-liquids is a diluent. The purpose of adding a diluent to the mix serves two purposes. The first purpose of the diluent is to create the appropriate mixture strength of nicotine and flavoring in the e-liquid. The second purpose is of adding a diluent to the mixture is that it produces the vapor that is inhaled from the electronic cigarette to the vapor. The two most common diluents used are:
Propylene Glycol: Referred to in the vaping world as PG. This is a nearly odorless, colorless and viscous liquid with a slightly sweet taste. Propylene glycol is a common base solution found in a range of pharmaceutical products, such as asthma inhalers, and is also a food additive. Propylene glycol may also be referred to as E1520.
Vegetable Glycerin: Referred to in the vaping community as VG. This is also a food and pharmaceutical additive and is also found in common daily products. Vegetable glycerin may also be referred to as E422.
E-liquids come in various nicotine strengths. The strength of nicotine in an e-liquid is basically how much nicotine is found in a certain volume. Using the metric system, a basic measurement of milligram (mg) per milliliter (ml) is used to determine the amount of nicotine (in milligrams) found in each milliliter of e-liquid in a total fluid volume.
The most common nicotine strengths found in e-liquids are:
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